When migrants began to push into the Dakotas, Colorado, and in violation of native sovereignty, the Indians waged a determined resistance. The 10 lessons are designed for middle and high school students grades 6-12. The system of managed expansion that had proved so successful in the Old Northwest Territory was replicated in , and by 1836, several new states, including Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas, entered the union. Digital History provides brief excerpts from primary sources and statistics and also questions to think about: Indian Policy Digital History provides various resources for exploring westward expansion including maps, images, text sources, fact sheets, and recommended lesson plan and readings. A significant percentage of these migrants were newly arrived foreign immigrants, who preferred to take their chances with western farming rather than endure life in the rapidly industrializing eastern cities, or former slaves who sought refuge from the racially exclusive environment of the American South. A great general site on the West.
The large number of Americans living west of the Appalachians made the management of westward migration a top priority for the new , which hoped to peaceably maintain political authority over its western citizens and allow the settlers to extend the political boundaries of the young nation with their movements. Your results will vary depending on several factors, including the condition of the book and the advertised price at the time of sale. This 15,000 page research collection from the Library of Congress documents, among other things, travels of the first Europeans to enter the trans-Appalachian West and their relations with Native Americans. Presented by the Library of Congress for grades 6-12 In this four part MarcoPolo lesson plan, students will study the Great Plains. Abraham Lincoln signed it into law. To synthesize their learning, students will write letters taking the perspective of an American Indian examining questions of tribe recognition.
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. The homepage has an introduction to early advertising and popular categories are listed along the right side of the page. Provides a geographic overview of First Nation Indian histories as well as a location list of native tribes in the United States and Canada. However, the creation of the , which invigorated cotton production by greatly simplifying the refinement process, and the profitability of sugar ensured that migrants from the South would seek to spread the institution of slavery into the West in an effort to replicate the plantation system of the Old South. The University of Washington Libraries has created a collection of advertisements from the Pacific Northwest from 1867-1918. Manifest Destiny was used to justify the war with Mexico in the 1840s which resulted in the acquisition of one million square miles of land previously owned by Mexico, enlarging the U.
Interesting Westward Expansion Facts: The Louisiana Purchase cost the U. The Trans-Mississippi West During the , the frontier of American settlement generally followed the western limits of the states bordering the Mississippi River, along with a slight western tilt that included the eastern halves of Kansas and Nebraska. This lesson plan from the Ohio State University History department explores ways the ideology of Manifest Destiny and features select primary sources. Part of his planned program of expansion, Jefferson believed the Louisiana Territory provided the key to the future prosperity of the then-agrarian nation by bringing a seemingly endless supply of potential farmland within American territorial borders. Federal troops stationed in forts defeated the Indians in a series of clashes and removed them to remote reservations - The Cheyenne and the Sand Creek Massacre 1864 -Sioux: Black Hills; Custer and Crazy House at Little Big Horn; Wounded Knee Massacre 1890 -Chief Joseph and Nez Perce flight to Canada -Apaches and Comanches in the Southwest. A flood of colonial migrants, led by fur traders and land speculators, followed on the heels of these retreating Native peoples.
It was during this time that many gunslingers made names for themselves including Jesse James and Wild Bill Hickok. In Virginia and Maryland, colonists initiated westward migration by moving into the interior in pursuit of new land for tobacco cultivation. The act provided 160 acres of unoccupied land to settlers if they improved the land and lived there for five years. Westward migration in the lower south, especially the Carolinas, developed slowly until 1718, when a long series of violent Indian wars finally ended. The Gold Rush in California brought even more people to the west. Beyond the edge of settlement lay expansive prairies that eventually gave way to the massive.
Their work has demonstrated that westward migration was much more complex than the inevitable Anglo-American conquest of the wilderness implied by Turner. Free shipping calculation is based on the subtotals of eligible items, after any additional discounts are applied. The lesson plan was created by MarcoPolo and boasts a vast collection of resources. There is also an interactive map of western trails. This section includes the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, various Jefferson messages to Congress, and more.
Only 4 more states had yet to join the United States lower 48. Agricultural practices in New England centered upon the cultivation of subsistence food items, such as wheat and corn, rather than a marketable cash crop like tobacco, but the desire to open new lands to cultivation was no less influential than in Virginia. The Transcontinental Telegraph was instrumental in keeping the lines of communication open between the east and west during westward expansion. The companion web site to The American People offers blank maps related to various topics in American history. Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activities and more The 17 Lewis and Clark lesson plans on this page offer a wide array of classroom activities. The digital collection was created in consultation with Native Americans, educators, librarians, and historians.
This research collection from the Library of Congress includes 8,000 images and pages of varied primary source materials. Power and Place in the North American West. Has a search function as well. Environmental conditions were also an important consideration, as the rocky soil of tidewater New England was poorly suited for farming. This is a series of reading guides with discussion questions from the National Humanities Center.
Activities include critical thinking, writing, technology, and more! Gradually, however, the United States Army subdued the Plains Indians and the Great Plains lay open to settlement. This site features a ten minute, interactive movie that is a geographic history of the United States, locating major events and the admission of every state. The collection includes over 450 advertisements and is easy to browse. This American Memory Project of the Library of Congress features documents and other historical sources from the Mystic Seaport Museum and Library. These settlers, many of whom were Scotch-Irish and Germans only recently arrived in America, quickly filled the upland backcountry on the eastern slopes of the Appalachians and began looking for routes of access to the lands beyond the mountains.
While the desire for land was no less fierce, powerful Indian groups managed to blunt much of the early westward flow of American colonists. Some western migrants, no longer able to make a living as ranchers, returned to the Midwest and found employment in support industries in cities like Chicago, which became the leading center for meat processing and packaging in the United States. On the heels of the ranchers came the farmer's frontier. This game quizzes the user on geographic regions in the U. In their estimation, all the peoples of the frontier, including American Indians, , Mexicans, Asians, and women, played important roles in westward migration, and that the active interaction of ethnic minorities in the migration process helped define the parameters that guided westward movement. Managed Expansion in the Midwest In 1790 the population of the trans-Appalachian region was estimated at more than 120,000. Their migrations were greatly assisted by two military roads left over from the war: the Braddock Road, which carried migrants from the headwaters of the Potomac River in western Maryland to Pittsburgh; and the Forbes Road, which ran from eastern Pennsylvania to also arrive at Pittsburgh.