Even during the recent Asian financial crisis, Taiwan's economy still maintained moderate growth, with fewer negative outcomes compared with other Asian economies see Drysdale, 2000; Richter, 2000. This book was published as a special issue of Asia Pacific Business Review. This article examines current business management in different types of enterprises there in terms of their ownership, size and sector. It covers the following countries: China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, and Vietnam. As the so-called 'workshop of the world', China and its exports, especially labour-intensive goods, face protectionism in the United States and the European Union. This abstract may be abridged. This book appraises the impact of the economic reforms on the employment relationship and, in turn, examines the effects on individual workers and their families, including salaries, working conditions and satisfaction, job security and disparities based on location, gender, age, skill, position and migrant status.
Overall, this book provides a detailed account of the everyday implications of economic reform for individuals and families in China. The results of the statistical analysis demonstrate that the effective use of employee empowerment practices is positively related to organizational performance. It discusses the nature of the transition process, identifies different transitional paths, highlights common features and outlines a number of theoretical approaches. In this context and that of the 1994 Labour Law, the author analyses the Chinese industrial relations system and identifies the changing roles of government, enterprise management and trade unions in this transition period. Kornhauser, Journal of Economic Literature Ronald H. Sim and Pandian 2003 note that Taiwanese firms have primarily engaged in foreign direct investment to exploit lower labor costs in host countries. The creation of a knowledge economy, in addition to outward investment in manufacturing, could lead to a distinctive independent style of Chinese management.
It not only covers the recent history of Chinese trade unions but also assesses their strategy and structure and membership as well as their legal context. These reforms have had far-reaching implications for many aspects of everyday life in Chinese society. Yet, personal creativity in activities is stressed by the school's leaders and teachers, both for teachers and students. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. Moreover, the 'communal paternalism' or 'enterprise paternalism' of labour regimes in Taiwan propounded by Deyo 1989, 1998 is now called into question. This article offers initial evidence that management culture in Taiwan is adapting in order to enable industrial development in new areas.
It argues that a transformation of paternalistic capitalism is under way in Taiwan. At the heart of the reform are changes in the employment relationship, where state control has been superceded by market relationships. Human resources are increasingly crucial to the growing economies of East Asia, which are striving to diversify economically toward higher value-added product-markets to continue their growth. Category: Social Science Author : N. The direction of future changes may depend on the level of involvement from external forces as well as internal strategies adopted by Chinese enterprises to survive. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Each chapter covers a wide range of management issues in the countries covered, including the details of the country's historical and cultural background, the transition process, external and internal factors, and its macro- and micro-economic contexts.
However, a few empirical studies have been conducted treating competency needs as gaps Agut et al. The study also examines how changes in economic activities have profoundly affected people's lives and experiences. Practical implications — These include issues relating to companies using more core-periphery and performance based employment. This paper is an attempt to theorize changing employment relations in capitalist development, drawing upon Taiwan's experience of industrialization within the context of global economic competition and undertaking case studies in the textiles industries. Time effects, country effects and the interaction between them are explored. In particular, it focuses on how changes in the employment relationship have affected the livelihood strategies of households.
Implications and recommendations for practice and future research were also discussed. The researchers carried out semi-structured interviews with managers and other employees at all levels. This means that innovations are combined with long-standing practices in a manner that is distinct from other capitalist archetypes. Coase was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Science in 1991. Sumario: The book looks at four major management systems in the East Asian region: Japanese, mainland Chinese, overseas Chinese and Korean. Purpose — The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether there is a set of management competencies that should be possessed by managers irrespective of their areas of functional specialization using quantitative methodology.
In-depth interviews with 20 Taiwanese companies indicated that the change is being led by the high-technology businesses. It is suggested that the underpinnings of traditional authority are being shaken. Practical implications — While the findings of the study have a specific relevance to the managers in the telecommunication industry, they could have a rather broader relevance with implications for management development initiatives. This book analyses the management of human resources in Chinese industry, covering the period from 1949 to present, particularly focusing on the period of economic reforms in the 1980s and early 1990s. This paper generated current knowledge on aspects of human resource management practices in Nigeria from a sample of 185 human resource management professionals employed in over ninety-six corporations located in three major cities in Nigeria. From the case-studies selected, we can see that globalization and in particular the regional economic crisis have put pressure on the Taiwanese economy.
Taiwanese firms tend to use on-the-job training programmes including professional training to maintain advanced skills among the key employees Zhu et al. We have found that luxury hotels that want to achieve international levels of service quality ought to invest more time in hiring and training their Chinese staff. Supported by in-depth studies of the political process in the British Mineworkers' Union and the Engineers' Union, the book develops and illustrates a general theory of how, in a country with democratic norms, formal organization itself can constrain a tendency toward oligarchy by stimulating union competition among full-time officers attempting to rise in the union hierarchy. There was also some evidence supporting an assertion that certain recruitment and selection practices were culturally sensitive and this was supported by evidence of association between recruitment and selection practices and country of ownership. The study is confined to a fully integrated telecommunication service provider; 198 managerial employees participated in the survey. .
However, the overall nature of organized labour has not changed noticeably in the last two decades. This paper considers the construction of creativity in the specific context and how it is underpinned by the school's ethos. The role of trade unions and workers' congresses are also examined. This arrangement is now under threat from the recent labour reforms and the emergence of a nascent labour market. However, while many of these business culture changes are in a direction towards the organisational culture associated with high-technology companies, it is also clear that a strong Chinese influence remains. It aims to investigate changes in the nature of employment relations, with special reference to authority relations, by examining how they have been shaped by changes in Taiwan's textiles industries.
Copyright applies to all Abstracts. China is experiencing rationalization of state-owned enterprises and concomitant lay-offs, the emergence of collectively owned and domestic private enterprises, joint ventures and massive foreign investment; wide variations in working conditions on the coast and inland; and a large, unregistered mobile active population. Since the 1980s, Chinese management while still in transition, has benefited from an infusion of capital, technology and managerial expertise through inward direct investment via joint and wholly-owned foreign ventures. Last, it compares their activities with organized labour in three Overseas Chinese societies, namely Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan. Rather than simple short definitions, the encyclopedia provides full briefings on the issues surrounding a topic. Coase's careful attention to actual institutions not only offers deep insight into economics but also provides the best argument for Coase's methodological position.