No prefácio ao seu romance Summer Lightning 1929 , P. Medievalist Fletcher The Barbarian Conversion, 1998, etc. There was no bickering over which texts were theologically correct. The nature of Christian thought, then, is rooted in disagreement, debate and argument while the controversies of Islam primarily focus on the source of authority over the Islamic community both politically and doctrinally. Kontak intensif ini berlangsung saat keduanya berbagi karya cipta seperti kertas dan sempoa, atau kala para saudagar menjelajahi sepanjang kawasan Mediterania untuk menjual barang dagangan mereka—tekstil, pakaian dari bulu binatang, rempah-rempah, dupa, dan gading. The vantage may be skewed a little toward the Christian in number of details not in point of view , maybe because the Muslim world saw so little to take notice of in Western Europe until after the period he surveys which really Fletcher offers a good and reasoned examination of Christian-Muslim relations, explaining among other things why it has been historically that Christians saw Muslims as violent and Muslims, at least until the modern period, thought little of Christian Western Europe. Despite the strong links and interactions between both worlds, the coexistence has been and undoubtedly is difficult.
From here, the interactions between Islam and Christianity are explored in greater detail, Fletcher explaining how these religious perceptions shaped the ways in which these two communities saw each other. Ini diperlihatkan dari semakin menurunnya teks terjemahan dari bahasa Arab ke bahasa Latin pada abad-abad setelah abad ke 14-15. Dari sini kita tahu bahwa Islam dan Kristen tak selalu berseteru. This short book is full of surprises, and makes for a wonderfully informative and enjoyable read. These fundamental differences have shaped with ways in which followers of these brethern religions shape their view of the world. Beberapa lalu membentuk cerita-cerita tentang perilaku umat Islam dan kebudayaan bangsa Arab yang nomaden dipandang lebih rendah dibanding umat Kristiani yang menetap di perkotaan. Umat Islam mengklaim bahwa mereka adalah yang paling terakhir menerima wahyu Tuhan, sehingga merekalah pewaris wahyu Tuhan yang paling sempurna bagi umat manusia.
Richard Fletcher does, indeed present a balanced and very well supported picture of the early encounters between Islam and Christianity. Additionally could common Muslims really have such a hatred of these people of the book and then readily accept them into their ranks thinking that they are such a misinformed and unrespectable people? Rentang waktu yang dituliskan dalam buku ini mencakup sejak zaman tumbuhnya Islam di abad ke-7 sampai ke masa keemasan Utsmani, sekitar abad ke 16. A short, brilliant account of the relations between Islam and Christianity from Muhammad to the Reformation. If you read it with this in mind, it works well. Richard Fletcher has written The Cross and the Crescent an entertaining book that illustrates the early relationship between the Christians and Muslims.
Relasi antara kaum Muslim dan Kristen terbentuk melalui penaklukan, diplomasi, ziarah ke kota suci, dan perniagaan, yang membawa keduanya ke dalam kontak intensif. Although the book concentrate on a remote time, it is interesting to verify that some of the arguments are still valid today. Fletcher dutifully mentions the Crusades and the many-armed conflicts between the two groups. It just covers up to the Crusades and a little before and beyond, so just the tip of the iceberg I suppose, but it covers it well. A short, brilliant account of the relations between Islam and Christianity from Muhammad to the Reformation. I wouldnt call this book a simplistic look, its just so short that it's easy to see it this way. Similarly, he chooses a very few small goals and accomplishes them, so in that sense the book is a success.
Fletcher does not explicitly say so, but the conclusion he seems to imply is that the divisions in the Christian, later the European world, and the tradition of debate and disagreement allowed the Europeans to make much faster progress in science, technology, philosophy, economics, commerce and international conquests. Christians too had discrepance's with the Muslims because the bible explained that Ishmael would a wild person against the will of everyone, and everyone against him. Buku ini juga menggambarkan bagaimana umat Islam mengalami kemunduran, sementara umat Kristen Eropa justru mulai merangkak naik. In the worst, there was outright persecution. In his latest book, he offers a brilliant survey of the relationship between the Islamic and Christian worlds from the seventh to the sixteenth centuries.
In its brevity, it covers an immense amount of scholarly material without ceasing to hold the reader's attention. The Islamic world flourished when it was most open to ancient thought. Now it is thought to be economic disparity combined with, but to a lesser extent, disease that began to drive them out long before the Muslims arrived on the scene. It is easy to see that the church as an institution was upset with the Muslims conquering the Mediterranean and enticing the people of Christianity to convert to Islam. Eschewing moral judgments and easy generalizations, The Cross and the Crescent allows readers to draw their own conclusions and explore the implications for the present day. The worlds of Islam and Christianity looked at each other with mutual incomprehension, but interracted in many ways from hostility in the form of the Crusades to the exchange of knowledge as well as in trade. How the East and West competed, communicated, and misunderstood each other by illustrating trade, intellectual development, and proselytizing wars.
Meanwhile the horizons of the Christians were narrow by comparison. However, he does provide some provocative insight. Muslims saw the Christians as confused, imperfect, and objects of scorn. Dan yg paling menjengkelkan dari buku ini adalah ukuram font kecil sekali. However, in less-receptive regions, such as North Africa, Church leaders fled to Sicily and southern France, weakening a Christian presence in those areas. Or perhaps it was merely extreme fear and a feeling that there was no other choice but to join Islam or perish.
He argues that though there were fruitful trading and cultural interactions between Islam and Christianity during the period when Arabs controlled most of the Mediterranean world, neither side was remotely interested in the actual religion of the other. Fletcher describes the establishment of Islam in the 7th century and the subsequent rise of the Abbasid Empire a century later and describes the shift from an Islamic society defined by Arab ethnicity to a ruling power defined by religion and culture. Recently retired from the University of York, where he was a professor of history, he lives in England. This is a really well-written history book. It is clear that it could be a fruitful relation, but it has been poisoned historically by powerful interest. Muslims converted to Christianity and vice-versa. I was unaware, given all the hysteria and finger-pointing of today, that the Muslims paid very little heed to the Crusades.
It explores the relationships between the Christian and Islamic worlds during the Middle Ages. Buku ini bermanfaat bagi kita yang ingin mengetahui sudah seberapa jauh kita sebagai umat beragama, khususnya Islam dan Kristen, melangkah. The Muslims basically ignored Europe and Christendom until it was too late to catch up in terms of economics, warfare, culture, technology, and reach. Kesalahpahaman itu, seperti didedahkan Fletcher dalam buku ini, telah menjerumuskan kedua pemeluk agama ke dalam konflik berdarah dan berkepanjangan. Although the book concentrate on a remote time, it is interesting to verify that some of the arguments are still valid An easy-to-read essay about the relations between Christians and Muslims, trying to explain the roots of the misunderstandings among these 2 cultures.
Saling curiga, menyalahkan, sinis dan hingga tahap paling tinggi - konflik bersenjata - kerap kali terjadi antara kedua belah umat beragama ini. Fletcher goes only so far as to say that a mutual co-existence was in place, but I feel like he would have a better chance of correct speculation on the actual opinion of the commoners of the time, rather than to leave it to speculation on my part. I learned a great deal that I was not aware of and understand more, even though violence and hatred are never a path to meaningful life. Initially, Fletcher explains, Christians were tolerated but disdained in the fast-expanding Islamic world primarily because they provided a link to the ancient Greek and Roman learning their conquerors coveted. Fletcher argues that though there were trading and cultural interactions between Islam and Christianity during the period when Arabs controlled most of the Mediterranean world, neither side was remotely interested in the religion of the other.