Figure 5-12 shows the appearance of data displayed by Excel. For now, type the following entries in the Name column: year month day hour minute Every field has both a name and a label. If the process gets hopelessly balled up, you can always call it quits and start over. Finally, the results from these different calculations are displayed in different ways. Every case has a value for each variable. A few of the files used in the examples can be found in the compressed file spss.
Gathering valid data and figuring out which crunch to use is up to you. Hadlai Tex Hull, and Dale H. Chart options The default appearance of charts is determined by the settings in the Charts tab, shown in Figure 2-18. Regular output is automatic, but you can do special things for irregular output. This book shows you how to type the numbers and produce brilliant statistics.
Also, you can have your data appear in alphabetical order by the title you use for it or simply by the order in which the data appears in the file. Do you have a feeling that you did all that work with no result? Choose Contents to select a heading from an extensive table of contents, choose Index to search for a heading by entering its name, or choose Search to enter a string search inside the body of the help text. You can specify the size and content of bins in several ways. Make sure you make backup copies of your data. You can have all the commands written to the log, which is how you can have a series of syntax language commands saved so you can copy them later and include them in your own scripts. Visit for other helpful articles on Statistics such as , etc. It appears at the top of the first page of a report.
Notice that the numbers all have two digits to the right of the decimal point. In this example, we used numbers as an identifier. Select the name of each variable you want to use in the count, and then click the button marked with a triangle to move them from the panel on the left to the panel on the right labeled Variables. Running an analysis on the data is much easier than entering the data. The following steps will do the same thing as in the preceding example, except the recoded values will be stored in a new variable.
Creating a text file If you want to output a simple text file, you still have a number of options to choose from, as shown in Figure 8-5. Figure 7-3: The data sorted with the case of the youngest male first. You can read data from a text file, a database, or a file produced by a program such as Access or Excel. A version of it existed for each of the different kinds of mainframe computers of the time. The screen shown in Figure 5-7 appears. Figure out what you want to do and refer to the sections of the book necessary to do that.
You must keep accurate records describing your data, how you got the data, and what it means. We all have to go back and refine our variable definitions from time to time. Unless an order to the identifiers is important, you could use names instead. If you pin to start, it will put the statistics application in your start menu so you can access it by opening your start menu and choosing the Statistics application. A longer descriptor, called a label, comes later. With only one exception, everything described in this book is included in the Base system, so you will be able to do anything you read about. You can make a number of decisions about the details of the image file, as shown in Figure 8-3, which appears when you click the Options button in the Export Output dialog box.
Values defined as Missing are not included in the computations. Chapter 2: Installing and Running the Software Scripts options Figure 2-23 displays the Scripts tab, which is used to determine some fundamental defaults about scripts. The dialog box shown in Figure 7-24 appears. Nominal values are used to tag things as belonging to categories. It makes life easier if you choose a language you actually know how to read. Figure 7-29: Select the bin variable and the optimizing variable. Automatic recoding allows you to get a handle on data that could otherwise elude analysis.
Some values could be formatted in standard scientific notation, with an embedded E to represent the start of the exponent. For example, the name may be sex and the longer label may be Boys and Girls, Men and Women, or simply Gender. After you use the provided sample data and step through an example, you will understand how to apply the example to your data. You will find it on one of those pieces of paper I told you to save — probably the same one that has your authorization code. The list of format definitions you have to choose from are constructed by combining the specifiers listed in Table 6-1. Clicking that button displays the dialog box shown in Figure 4-7.