The variety of new schemes set on foot in differ-ent colleges has as yet done us no injury. Brown, Benjamin Silliman, 236, 24448, 25052, 25458, 28586; William L. Butler, Education as Revealed by New England Newspapers Prior to 1850 Philadelphia: privately printed, 1935 , a pioneering work with newspa-per sources, supplies considerable information from eight Massachusetts and Connecticut newspapers in operation during the 1820s. Religious Intelligencer 29 November 1828; Western Luminary 24 December 1828; Connecticut Herald 16 September 1828; Connecticut Mirror 22 September 1828; New Haven Chronicle 18 August 1827; Niles Weekly Register 15 September 1827. The pursuit of liberal learning is a precious resource of American culture.
Potts introduces Yale's document, probes its origins and message, surveys its national reception, and assesses its import for liberal education, both then and now. Bronson, The History of Brown University, 17641914 Providence: Brown University, 1914 , 17577, 18692; Martha Mitchell, Encyclopedia Brunoniana Providence: Brown University Library, 1993 , 56768; Lucius S. The chapter discusses the range of definitions, debates, defenses, practices, individuals, institutions, and recommendations that have appeared in accounts about the changing nature and prospects of liberal education in U. In January 1827, New Havens Congregational weekly had reprinted from its counterpart in Boston the endorsement of Amhersts curric-ular reforms. In his section on historiography, Pak cites much of the literature on Yales Reports. Appearing in two volumes and containing 70,000 entries, this work represented twenty-five years of painstaking labor. At precisely the time Yale stated its position, Noah Webster provided the defi-nition of a liberal education as derived from current usage.
Even the enrollment of nondegree students, as at Harvard and at Washington College, is stoutly resisted. The founding president of Madison College, the fourth college to appear in the vicinity of Pittsburgh, supplied a rationale for the denominations outlook. Beginning in the late 1780s, Webster worked for the cultural inde-pendence that would complement Americas political independence. With praise for Amherst extending from established Congregationalists to leading Methodists who would guide the next wave of college-founding, the survival of an educational heritage might be at stake. We are multiplying our colleges with amazing rapidity, complained a proponent of more vocationally specific higher education, rather than reforming and elevating those we already have. See Boston Recorder and Religious Telegraph 8 February 1828. They both argued that the mental discipline of liberal education provided a founda-tion for professional eminence.
Kingsley also discusses distinctions between college and professional school instruction. The remaining concern was how many of the 134 student signers, who had declared solidarity with the 4 expelled, would sign and submit the written acknowledgment of error required for fall term matriculation. Trustee doubts in early 1827 at Dartmouth about the undue proportion of time. But raise up colleges among yourselves, he said in 1825, and you reduce the charges of a liberal education so considerably, that hundreds and thousands can immediately avail themselves of their aid. It does an outstanding job of situating one of the most well-known documents of higher education within a rigorous social and institutional context thereby revealing much about both.
Day, Kingsley, and Tomlinson keep a tight focus on discipline, rather than furniture, as their core value. See Roger Geiger, The Reformation of the Colleges in the Early Republic, 18001820, History of Universities 16 2000 : 12982. Writing in 1830 to Noyes Barber, a former congressional colleague from Connecticut and an opponent of Jackson, Tomlinson expressed faith in the intelligence and virtue of the People. And each issue was more likely than one in the secular press to have several readers. Historians using the Reports have been hampered by the text not being readily available. Potts introduces Yale s document, probes its origins and message, surveys its national reception, and assesses its import for liberal education, both then and now.
His broadly contextual approach helps readers understand why the young republic, informed and encouraged by Yale s rationale, became a land of liberal arts colleges. The Erie Canal opened in 1825, signaling a transportation revolution that would enable devel-opment of a robust market economy. Isbn 9780230622036 Other physical details ill. Day and these professors received assistance from six tutors, who supplied instruction in the basics of each required subject and served as faculty allies in supervision of student conduct. Colleges Faced Uncertainty In 1828, the year Yale issued its carefully considered reflections on liberal education, Americans recalling recent events had reason to be in a confident mood. Nothing like this text in terms of its range of arguments and observations and its depth of analysis had appeared in the literature of American higher education.
Liberal education, Day argues, must throw the student upon the resources of his own mind in order to form new combinations of thought that perhaps even extend the boundaries of knowledge. Alterations in the maps included several steps. Looking beyond the early decades of university-building, historians are likely to find important continuing connec-tions between thoughts on the primacy of intellectual training and the investigative temper that guided research universities in the twentieth century. Evidence that the influence of Yales Reports extended well beyond initial periodical praise can be drawn from many sources. In a deeply researched and well-crafted analytical narrative, David B. A simple question frames this book: How did American higher education begin and develop in the West? The average of ten new colleges per decade from 1800 to 1830 quickly advanced to the level of more than sixty started in the 1850s. And Amherst, especially Amherst, was a fast-rising young member of the denominational family with a Yale graduate as president and four fellow alumni serving as trust-ees.
Im Frühjahr 1970 berief der damalige Kultusminister des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, 3. His broadly contextual approach helps readers understand why the young republic, informed and encouraged by Yale's rationale, became a land of liberal arts colleges. Reports, 7; Louis Menand, The Metaphysical Club New York: Ferrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001 , 18084; Charles C. See Sir Douglas Logan, The University of London: An Introduction London: Athlone Press, 1962 , 910. Fisk even speculated that heaven would be a place of enterprise where the enterprising spirit is excited and exercised. He was one of the earliest avowed Universalists in New Haven.