. Kolbs model has been found to be effective in some language-teaching activities Kolb, 1984. Salas has coauthored more than 330 journal articles and book chapters and has co edited 20 books. Using 165 employees from a large U. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association as well as the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, and a member of the Academy of Management. Research has supported some of these connections.
The Organizational Context, Levels, and Time. Supporting both points, LePine, Colquitt, and Erez 2000 , using an experimental learning task, found that some aspects of conscientiousness, including dependabil-ity, order, and dutifulness, can reduce performance when adaptability to changing task conditions is important. After supplemental training, gender differences were reduced for self-management trainees only, and this effect appeared to occur through changes in perceived control over the negotiation. Results indicated that all three had a significant effect on self-regulation, with goal content exhibiting the greatest influence. . Leadership support, organizational support, feedback, rewards, and resources were impor-tant variables that contributed to a climate of support for skills updating. Snow 1991 stated that aptitudes should refer to any measurable person character-istic hypothesized to be propaedeutic to successful goal achievement in the treatment s studied; propaedeutic means needed as preparation for response to treatment p.
The editors and chapter authors deserve our gratitude for clearly com-municating the nature, application, and implications of the theory and research described in this book. . Salas, Kozlowski, Learning, Training, and Development in Organizations: Much Progress and a Peek Over the Horizon. Trainees with greater metacognitive skills should learn more effectively because they are better able to monitor their progress, identify areas requiring improve-ment, and adjust their learning accordingly. Complementary fit occurs when the environment compensates for an individuals weakness or shortcoming, or when an individual provides an asset the environment would not oth-erwise possess. . He has authored or presented numerous papers, research articles, and book chapters on a variety of topics.
American Psychologist, 30 2 , 116127. Ralston, Borgen, Rottinghaus, and Donnay 2004 found that basic interest scales of the Strong Interest Inventory a vocational interest scale predicted choice of major field of education or training beyond measures of the six Holland themes. Intelligence, personality, and interests in the career choice process. He has served as an editorial board member for numerous journals and is an associate editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology. Sanchez and Medkik 2004 found that ethnicity interacted with diversity training to influence differing perceptions and reactions to the trained content.
Moreover, in recognition of the increasing importance of knowledge capacity and human capital to organizational effectiveness, the book is also designed to broaden and extend the focus beyond training per se to encompass learning, training, and development in organizations. Beyond the two disciplines of scientific psychology. It should also be noted that patterns found in U. His primary areas of interest include models of training effectiveness, team and multiteam processes, and cross-level models of organizational behavior. Goal orientation and ability: Interactive effects on self-efficacy, performance, and knowledge. It concentrates on training, design and delivery given the changing nature of work and organizations.
Journal of Workplace Learning, 14 1 , 510. . He maintains a multidisciplinary research interest that incor-porates aspects of cognitive, social, and organizational sciences in the investigation of learning and performance in individuals and teams. Now that work is increasingly complex, there is greater emphasis on expertise and cognitive skills. . Given the pervasive effects of personality on learning, motivation, and performance, it seems reasonable to expect that vocational interests may have similar effects.
. He has coauthored over 60 journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers related to teams, decision making and problem solving, perfor-mance measurement, and simulation-based training. Considering mediating mechanisms can also shed more light on variation in observed findings to date, as certain individual difference constructs may affect learning outcomes by trig-gering intervening mechanisms with countervailing effects on learning outcomes. . They found that less con-scientious employees who received self-leadership training increased their self-directed behavior more than highly conscientious employees.
. Psychology and Aging, 18, 340345. Emerging Issues for Design and Delivery. This will be required reading for graduate seminars. Volumes also have received excellent reviews, and individual chapters, as well as volumes, have been cited frequently.
Advances in technology such as computer simulations and web-based training are necessitating a more active role for the learner in the training process. . He has published more than 30 articles and book chapters on these topics and has received awards from the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology for his research on work team effectiveness and work experience and leadership development. It is possible that Gf and Gc have both direct and indirect effects on learning and performance, and part of their influence may be exerted through attentional focus, metacognition, and emotional regulation. Such attention to future research can influence the work in this area for years to come.
Journal of Educational Psychology, 78, 225227. Our theories and practices should reflect this reality. These, and similar findings, suggest that metacognition is a flexible and malleable skill. Success in artistic occupations depends on high scores for openness along with low scores for conscientiousness. .