The second stage of the project consisted of feeding this information back to organisations and women's groups in India. We are most grateful for the sponsorship of the British Academy. Further, we argue that the problems faced by some Indian feminists to engage with mother-in-law violence as an integral part of domestic violence may have allowed highly patriarchal understandings of such violence to predominate in legislative and legal discourses. The campaign appealed to both the appropriate judgement of the State and the denial that the State was an effective vehicle for change. Durham: Durham University and Northern Rock Foundation. However, this research shows women are still reluctant to make that first step and report these crimes to the police. In 1980 the Forum Against Rape was formed to mobilize public support and to lobby the State for reform of the law on rape.
It is based on an innovative and collaborative trans-national project, carried out in two stages. The case studies are brought to life by giving voice to the experiences of women involved in prostitution themselves together with the personal reflections of the authors. In India, such cases are tried under domestic violence laws. She continues to combine academic work with feminist activism, allowing her research to both inform and be informed by grassroots groups. In the first stage, a range of immigrant South Asian women, who had experienced domestic violence, were consulted. What is to be done about prostitution? The second stage of the project consisted of feeding that information back through meetings and consultations to relevant women's and state agencies in India, including the police, the media and women's organisations. Rape continues to be a serious issue for Indian women.
Contents Introduction ~ Nicole Westmarland and Geetanjali Gangoli; Sexual assault law in Australia: contextual challenges and changes ~ Patricia Easteal; Ending rape: the responsibility of the Canadian state ~ Lee Lakeman; Introduction to the issue of rape in China as a developing country ~ Qihua Ye; Still little justice for rape victim survivors: the void between policy and practice in England and Wales ~ Nicole Westmarland; Controlling women's sexuality: rape law in India ~ Geetanjali Gangoli; Breaking the silence: rape law in Iran and controlling women's sexuality ~ Nadia Aghtaie; Meeting the challenge? Introducing readers to various national perspectives on rape, the contributors outline a comparative approach that highlights the similarities and differences between countries, contexts, laws, issues, policies, and interventions. The second approach is based on radical feminist critiques of prostitution as violence and hurt, and legitimizes itself by drawing on the articulations of those sex workers and activists who draw on the experiences of hurt, anguish, violence and coercion that form a part of their lives. Responding to rape in Scotland ~ Sandy Brindley and Michele Burman; Paradox and policy: addressing rape in post-apartheid South Africa ~ Lisa Vetten; 'Impressive progress alongside persistent problems': rape law, policy and practice in the United States ~ Lynn Hecht Schafran and Jillian Weinberger. Nicole Westmarland is a lecturer in criminal justice at Durham University. In 1992, a woman promoting an end to child marriage was raped and the men were acquitted.
It is divided into two parts: the first looks at prostitution in Europe, and the second in Asia. Around two-fifths of those who had reported suicidal feelings at the initial assessment no longer had thoughts of ending their life. Please, or to access full text content. International Approaches to Rape gives an overview of rape law and policy in nine different countries, including the United States and Canada. Specific topics covered include national social and historical contexts in relation to prostitution; legal frameworks - with discussion of existing laws and policies and debates around legislation and decriminalisation; key issues faced - particularly relating to reasons for entering prostitution and analysis of policies and interventions. The narratives in our study illustrate the interplay between culture, religion, poverty and state practices including immigration practices which points to the need for a more sophisticated and nuanced understanding of forced marriage. Is prostitution a private or a political issue? Is prostitution a private or a political issue? Domestic violence perpetrator programmes aim to change men's abusive behaviour through a combination of therapeutic intervention and facilitating awareness of the consequences of their actions.
International Approaches to Prostitution: Law and Policy in Europe and Asia. It was argued that the law was out-of-date and in need of revision. © 2018, Geetanjali Gangoli, Aisha Gill, Natasha Mulvihill, Marianne Hester. Geetanjali Gangoli analyses feminist campaigns on issues of violence and womens rights, and debates on ways in which feminist legal debates may be limiting for women and based on exclusionary concepts such as citizenship. The question of whether legal campaigns can make positive changes in womens lives or whether they further legitimize oppressive state patriarchies is considered. The issue of prostitution brings to the fore many of the contradictions in feminist politics, and the ambivalence in dealing with issues of sexuality reflected both in Asian and Western feminist politics.
Following her time in Bristol, Westmarland returned to the North East to take up a position as Lecturer in Criminology at Durham University. © 2015 selection and editorial material, Nadia Aghtaie and Geetanjali Gangoli; individual chapters, the contributors. There was a distancing between the victim, who occupied a lower caste and class position, and her defenders in the women's groups. It was found that this pattern was similar across all four police areas in the region: Northumbria, Durham, Cumbria and Cleveland. They found that women's health and well-being had improved following Rape Crisis counselling, with particularly positive results in certain areas.
It is recommended for academics, students, practitioners and policy makers. Responding to rape in Scotland ~ Sandy Brindley and Michele Burman; Paradox and policy: addressing rape in post-apartheid South Africa ~ Lisa Vetten; 'Impressive progress alongside persistent problems': rape law, policy and practice in the United States ~ Lynn Hecht Schafran and Jillian Weinberger. Keywords: , , , Policy Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. While there is no evidence to suggest that immigrant black, minority ethnic and refugee women experience more domestic violence than majority white women, their experiences of abuse are different due to cultural factors, language, immigration status and lack of contact with natal families. Westmarland noted: We know that the police have put additional resources and effort into improving both victim care and investigations. I suggest that all these perspectives are limited in that they do not necessarily take in the wide range of experiences encountered by women in prostitution, and may well feed into mainstream patriarchal views on prostitution.
Durham: Durham University and Northern Rock Foundation. By introducing readers to national perspectives of issues relating to rape, the book presents a comparative approach that highlights the similarities and differences between countries, contexts, laws, key issues, policies and interventions. Taking a clear and jargon-free approach, this is a must-have addition for those interested in where we are now and for future reforms. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. Third, within the forced marriage debate, South Asian and Muslim communities are perceived as being largely responsible for forced marriages, whilst our research demonstrates that the range of communities in which forced marriage occurs is much wider. By introducing readers to national perspectives of issues relating to rape, the book presents a comparative approach that highlights the similarities and differences between countries, contexts, laws, key issues, policies and interventions. Interactional justice, coping and the legal system: needs of vulnerable victims.
Are women involved in prostitution offenders or victims? The project was carried out in two stages. Keywords: feminists; legal system; Indian women; status; rape law Chapter. In 2006, Westmarland became chair of Rape Crisis England and Wales, a position which she held for five years. Still little justice for rape victim survivors: the void between policy and practice in England and Wales Nicole Westmarland 6. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. This article examines key trends within Indian feminist analysis on prostitution, and is based on primary fieldwork around feminist organizations in India and on research conducted on prostitution in the states of Maharashtra, Delhi, West Bengal and Orissa.