In Search of Sisterhood is full of compelling, fascinating anecdotes told by the Deltas themselves, and illustrated with rare early photographs of the Delta women. With meticulous research and vivid rendering of her subject, Giddings also provides compelling portraits of twentieth-century progressive luminaries, black and white, with whom Wells worked during some of the most tumultuous periods in American history. Hazing that might produce any physical harm was strictly forbidden by the national organization, but it could occur. May argues that working-class women sought to define the middle-class home as a workplace even as employers and reformers regarded the home as private space. In 1975, she travelled to South Africa where she had the opportunity to meet leaders of the Anti-apartheid movement.
Alpha Phi Alpha 1906 , Kappa Alpha Psi 1911 , Omega Psi Phi 1911 ; and the sorority Alpha Kappa Alpha 1908. Its mandate for the next century, following its own evolutionary path, is to continue its ever-increasing abilities to render public service, and to enlarge its concept to embrace and directly impact on public policy. Alexander, Patricia Roberts Harris, Barbara Jordan, Leontyne Price, and many other women who were leaders and pioneers in their fields, made it more so. It was a gesture of support, something that Black sororities are well known for. Canady, the national president of Delta Sigma Theta. Delta Sigma Theta Sorority was founded on January 13, 1913 by twenty-two young women at Howard University.
Education, then, was the dividing line between a life of drudgery and crude exploitation, and the greater quality of life and status derived from professional work. In addition to opportunities for leadership, the sorority has also historically been both a supporter, and magnet, for Black women in the arts. Not until the 1920s were there significant numbers of public high schools in the South, even for Whites. Their development was more than an imitation of the White Greek-letter groups that excluded them. Giddings When and Where I Enter , a graduate of Howard University, the birthplace of the movement, acknowledges the ambivalence that membership causes some, but focuses on the strengths of the sorority whose members typically remain active after college years.
Included among recent luminaries are Barbara Jordan, congresswoman from Texas, and, from the arts, Lena Horne, Leontyne Price and Ruby Dee. On many predominantly White campuses, they served not only as centers for social activity, but as the only on campus housing for Black students, who were allowed to matriculate at the schools but not live in their dormitories. On one particularly memorable occasion, a chapter sponsored a concert featuring Price and Paul Robeson. The fact that its membership also included significant historic and contemporary figures such as Mary Church Terrell, Sadie T. Marking the 75th anniversary of the largest black women's organization in the United States, this history of the college-based movement is an account filled with incidents of the emergence of the Deltas as a force in our national life. There was another dimension to these aspirations too: the right to attain the same intellectual training as that of the best of their White peers. She congratulated me on the book—and then offered me two propositions.
² The more legitimate it is seen in the broader society, sociologists say, the more potential supporters become actual supporters. I was not willing to write a public relations tract, and I wondered about how much freedom I would have to get beneath the skin of the sorority and write about its weaknesses as well as its strengths. It struck me that Black women may be among their freest, their happiest, and, in some ways, their most fulfilled when they are together in their organizations. Delta-sponsored concerts featuring such artists were frequent. Members of these organizations include remarkable and influential individuals such as Martin Luther King Jr. Contributors to this volume show how social workers can use interventions to enhance those resiliency factors.
Unlike him, those in the Black fraternal groups did not see the irony in, as the Tuskegee educator once noted, the black boy studying Greek, while the Greek boy is blacking shoes. This book is very informative. For one thing, a closed membership group is better able to take on new goals. This book was a great buy. Especially in such periods its exclusive membership, its reluctance to be a vanguard for positions considered radical for the times even those concerning education , and its primary concern for social bonding have drawn sharp criticism from those both within and outside the sorority. Of course it is more than well-known names, or historic firsts, that make up the meaning of the seventy-five-year-old organization. By 1910, that figure was 227.
Phillips have added new chapters that address issues such as the role of Christian values in black Greek-letter organizations and the persistence of hazing. Undergraduate members must be in college. I especially benefited from the help of Anna Johnson Julian, who was among those who read the manuscript, despite recovering from surgery. In Search of Sisterhood is full of compelling, fascinating anecdotes told by the Deltas themselves, and illustrated with rare early photographs of the Delta women. It offered proof of their intellectual abilities in a society that doubted them; and as benefactors of a college education—a scarce commodity in the Black community—there was the racial obligation to achieve both on the campus and beyond it and so better lead the others. For many, in fact, who for assorted reasons would never have the chance to hold a Phi Beta Kappa key, the criteria-based membership in a fraternity or sorority became its own evidence of academic distinction.
Unprotected Labor illuminates how the domestic-service debate turned the middle-class home inside out, making private problems public and bringing concerns like labor conflict and government regulation into the middle-class home. In this eagerly awaited biography by Paula J. The sorority, I knew, would also be an interesting subject to study because it is an exclusive or closed membership organization. Especially in the South, where the overwhelming majority of Black people lived, segregation, poverty, and racism prevented many potentially brilliant students from attending prestigious liberal arts institutions. Benbow, National President, Delta Sigma Theta, 1971-1975 p. It is interesting to note that the two earliest fraternities were actually established on predominantly White campuses: Alpha Phi Alpha at Cornell University and Kappa Alpha Psi at the University of Indiana.
But the effort to resolve the tension between the goals of the organization, and those of the sisterhood, through strengthening social bonds within the context of social action has been an interesting and engaging experiment. But overall, a solid read. In this second edition of African American Fraternities and Sororities: The Legacy and the Vision, editors Tamara L. This books sheds light on the experience of Black women in higher education and how membership in the sorority continues to educate and inform for the lifetime of its members. If my eyes are unable to see you as my sister, it is because my own vision is blurred. As one can see from the rules that govern the social movement organization, this idea can be a difficult one to realize.