After offering a general overview over patterns of vulnerability to crisis in the region, the paper shows, with the Latvian and Hungarian examples, how domestic actor constellations have translated similar external pressures into very different policies of crisis management. The paper explains its findings by the combination of different welfare state traditions and patterns of party competition. Tamas Part One Russia: class and power in the age of Putin 3. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe. To compensate higher-income groups for the tax hikes, fiscal policies were designed to channel wealth from the bottom up.
Institutionalistische Ansätze setzten sich für politische Strategien im nationalstaatlichen Rahmen zu einem historischen Zeitpunkt ein, in dem nationalstaatliche Entwicklungskonzepte durch neoliberale Transnationalisierung zunehmend in Frage gestellt werden. This is a useful, factual survey of the disasters that have hit Eastern Europe since the counter-revolutions of 1990-91. Two decades on, with the global economic crisis of 2008-10, a new phase has begun. These activities aimed mainly at the redistribution and private appropriation of stateowned ressources. In dem Papier wird jedoch argumentiert, daß die institutionalistische Kritik zu kurz greift, da sie eine wesentliche Determinante der entstehenden osteuropäischen Kapitalismen vernachlässigt, nämlich ihre forcierte Integration in die Weltwirtschaft. The 1989-91 upheavals in Eastern Europe sparked a turbulent process of social and economic transition.
Consumption taxes were raised, which worsened living standards for lower-income people. It fails to reflect the role of Western democracies in those conflicts, including the role of international financial organizations, free trade agreements, military conflicts and internal securitization. In 2009 Russia's output fell 7. At the same time, a rise of semi-legal and illegal activities could be observed. Workers in Modern Russia by Mike Haynes 4. Sie richten ihre Aufmerksamkeit auf die ererbten Organisationsformen und Institutionen und warnen vor möglichen Entwicklungsblockaden, wenn diesen in den Transformationsstrategien nicht Rechnung getragen wird. The book covers the changing relationship between business and states; foreign capital flows; financialisation and asset price bubbles; austerity and privatisation; and societal responses, in the form of reactionary populism and progressive social movements.
Even at the theoretical level, the narrative of the presumed mutual benefits brought by the free market should be radically questioned. This did not, however, result in the development of a private sector governed by market mechanisms. Responsibility: edited by Gareth Dale. Finally, it substitutes an understanding of the complex interest alliances involved in present geopolitical conflicts, including the war in the Middle East, arms trade and the policing of migration, with a neat ideological separation between Western liberal and Eastern authoritarian forces. The mass of the people were forced into poverty. She has published on competition, modernisation and Cold War interactions regarding East Central European countries.
The contributors foc The 1989-91 upheavals in Eastern Europe sparked a turbulent process of social and economic transition. These well-packaged studies show how U. Setting up reading intentions help you organise your course reading. Moreover, the country had been in a recession since 2006, and the Western-oriented social-liberal leadership had been completely de-legitimized as a result of decades of austerity and social polarization and the depletion of capital flows from the West that formed the basis of their economic strategy. Certainly not from a state characterized by full democratic and social rights like the models of welfare liberal democracies in the Western core of the post-war global economy.
Diese Ansätze interessieren sich für die konkreten Formen der entstehenden Kapitalismen in Osteuropa. This book explores the scale and trajectory of the crisis through case studies of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine and the former Yugoslavia. Introduction: The Transition in Central and Eastern Europe by Gareth Dale 2. Contents 1 Introduction: The Transition in Central and Eastern Europe Gareth Dale 2 Marx on 1989 G. The financial crisis of 2008 hit Hungary at a time when private and public debt were mounting. Two decades on, with the global economic crisis of 2008-10, a new phase has begun.
Die Reformen der wirtschaftlichen Steuerung des staatlichen Sektors setzten auf eine Verbindung von plan- und marktförmigen Elementen. The opposition coalition joined by the leadership of the demonstrations between 2010 and 2014 had a very weak performance in the 2014 elections. In this perspective, what needs to be investigated are the specific local and regional factors that have led to this move away from more progressive tendencies. First, the seemingly air-tight contradiction conceals the pitfalls of the post-socialist democratization narrative, including the contradiction between democratization and social polarization. In some countries this reaches more than 80% or 90% of the banking sector, a striking exception and a dangerous economic experiment. This framework failed to account for the fact that academic and press freedom has already been destroyed in most Hungarian institutions.
In Europe, the rise of the new right was viewed with great concern in 2017 elections, which saw their own struggles and protests. Poland and the Global Political Economy: From Neoliberalism to Populism and Back Again by Stuart Shields 9. Thirdly, there are the unquestionable benefits that the process of transition provided for the West. Another decisive element of the classic narrative of post-communist transition concerns the balance of gains and losses between the West and the East. Such an analysis might suggest that the Eastern European countries follow their own characteristic path of development. By concentrating on the past and origins, path dependentists run the risk of conceptualising phenomena and institutions as building blocks of new capitalisms which prove to be transitory. The privatization of the state socialist economy allowed productive assets to become concentrated in the hands of national and Western capitalists.
However, none of this could finance a budget burdened by mounting debt. Russia's Foreign Policy from Putin to Medvedev by Gonzalo Pozo 5. The contributors focus upon the relationships between geopolitics, the world economy and class restructuring. This book explores the scale and trajectory of the crisis through case studies of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Ukraine and the former Yugoslavia. This process of de-legitimization peaked in a scandal around a leaked speech of Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány in which he admitted lying to the people about the budget and the violent repression of street protests that broke out in response to it.