The first one, tentatively entitled Heaven and History: Astrology and the Construction of Historical Knowledge in Early Islam, focuses on the much-neglected genre of astrological histories and on the role of court astrologers in historical writing in early Islam. Regards croisés sur le Moyen Âge arabe, 2005 17 Ibid. It became, instead, the means by which information on the conditions of the general population was collected, and knowledge on their problems and complaints was obtained. A l'inverse d'autres oeuvres de la litterature arabe, le Coran a ete transmis par deux modes paralleles : par la deposition de copies principales et par la recitation. Néanmoins, même si le déplacement du calife suit les saisons, il obéit également à des impératifs de gouvernance et révèle une topographie du consensus et du conflit, elle-même révélatrice, selon Antoine Borrut, de la complexité et du caractère changeant des dynamiques de pouvoir 23. On these bases, the article adopts a more thematic process focused on the following questions : 1.
Indeed, this province largely vanished from the map with the coming of the Abbasids to power since Syria's memory came to be limited to its Umayyad past. A history of the ceremony of the oath of allegiance to the caliph from the time of the Prophet Muhammad until the fragmentation of the caliphate in the late 9th and 10th centuries. An overview of art and architecture concludes the synopsis of a period rich in archaeological remains and historical drama. These latter, which are almost always fiscal ventures, take on an obviously repressive character and constitute a means of controlling regions over which the central administration has little control. It was during Omar's reign that this body was initially structured in such a way as to separate its tasks and functions from the immediate needs of wars and civil conflicts. I testify that there is no god but Allah; I associate none with Him and turn to no other than Him for help. A preliminary evaluation of the material and a more detailed sense of the project can be found in my article: in J.
Antoine Borrut, Entre mémoire et pouvoir. Like its Seleucid ancestor, the Marwanid experiment in Syria showed that a far-flung Middle Eastern empire was still possible without Iraq or Egypt to serve as its centre. This paper will trace the development of the presentation of the Ṣiffīn story in Arabic histories across developing Sunnī and Shīʿite identity crystallization and the region of origin of their authors, as well as literary and stylistic developments in the field of Arabic historical writing. It is an original contribution to scholarship on early Islam and the Middle East, which gives important insights into the formation of classical Islamic culture and civilisation. As one might expect of such a geographically varied region over this period of over five centuries, thinking about the past varied a great deal.
My second main direction of research concentrates on the construction of early Islamic sites of memory lieux de mémoire and its impact on the making of an agreed upon version of the early Islamic past. This project notably aims to shed a new light on the thorny question of lost sources in early Islamic historiography and on the various forms of historical writing that flourished in Muslim contexts. He was also a research fellow of the Institut Français du Proche-Orient French Institute of the Near East in Damascus Syria, 2002-2006 and a post-doctoral fellow, at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique French National Center for Scientific Research in Paris 2007-2008. He is the author of several articles dealing with early Islamic history and historiography and has co-edited with Paul M. For the academic year 2016-2017, I was the Patricia Crone member in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. The changing interpretations of their attitudes toward the ʿAbbāsid regime and the exaggeration evident in the anecdotes examined have significant implications for our reading of medieval Arabic biographical sources. The article discusses previous criticism of using medieval in reference to Islam and provides an illustrative example from work on Yemen's local history.
The structural tension between a mobile exercise of power and its sedentary practice - in an extremely shifting and unstable political context in which each group's alliance with the sovereign must be constantly renegotiated - may well be a feature particular to the Maghreb. It also engages with the problem of how Islamic history relates to the history of the pre-Islamic Middle East, arguing for the importance of the pre-Islamic, Arabian context of early Islam, as well as a wider perspective that takes in the legacy of the pre-Islamic empires of Rome and Iran An accessible and authoritative overview capturing the vitality and diversity of scholarship that exists on the transformative time period known as late antiquity. Borrut, Entre mémoire et pouvoir, p. During the 1940s and 1950s D. Since Marc Bloch whose thought has its roots in the « turning-point of social sciences » happening at the beginning of the century , the founder works of Jacques Le Goff with, among others, the concept of a « long Middle Ages » , those of Aaron Gourevitch, Arno Borst, amply recapitulate and developed by more recent works, notably by many colloquiums and French or German books more than in the historiography in the English language, in our opinion are distinguished here. Historical sources and documents, however, indicate that the Islamic government was already highly organized and bureaucratic under the great leader Mu'awiya 661-680.
Antoine Borrut, docteur en histoire 2007 , Universit de Paris I-La Sorbonne, est professeur assistant l'Universit du Maryland, o il enseigne l'histoire de l'Islam m di val. Next, Jerusalem, Christians and Muslims, as well as church building, the destruction of images, and early mosques all receive special attention. What about the medieval division of time concept of horae, problems of calendar, « ages of life », mechanical clock, that have given rise to an abundant bibliography? Temps d'ecritures et de reecritures : l'ecriture de l'histoire dans l'espace syrien -- 2. Borrut, Entre mémoire et pouvoir, p. Winner of the Syrian Studies Association Prize for the best book 2013. Storm Rice and Seton Lloyd, together with the Turkish Antiquity Authority, undertook archaeological excavations in Hcombining dot belowarrân.
Borrut rappelle que « nommer avait une signification forte. The first part of this article examines the main studies of medievalists who have given a greater place to researches on temporal and spatial structures at stake in medieval society. Antoine Borrut has previously taught at the University of Toulouse Le Mirail France , the University of Saint-Joseph Beirut, Lebanon , the University of Paris 8 Saint-Denis France and directed seminars at the University of Paris 1—La Sorbonne and at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences. The present paper is a study on the circulation of historiographical material across linguistic, religious and political borders in the seventh-century Near East and Mediterranean. Besides these two book-length projects, I am also working on a co-edited volume with Fred M. He is also the editor of the bulletin of the association, al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā.
Pour vous inscrire et recevoir toute notre actualité ainsi que le Bulletin mensuel, rendez-vous sur la à la rubrique « listes de diffusion ». It is not known when these forms of coins ceased to circulate. Donner, tentatively entitled Christians and Others in the Early Umayyad State and on various smaller projects mostly dealing with the first dynasty of Islam, the Umayyads. La mobilité califale semble donc venir se greffer sur cette monumentalité inscrite dans le paysage. . Of the Islamic monuments they concentrated on the area of the citadel and its Numairid past, the Great Mosque and the shrine of Shaikh Hcombining dot belowayāt outside the city walls. By a close examination of three late sources, the paper shows that quotations may be second hand or third hand, while having the appearance of direct citations.
In the absence of significant differences in legal method, students turned to the two shaykhs' responses to the ʿAbbāsid revolution to draw distinctions between them. Winner of the Syrian Studies Association Prize for the best book 2013. The presentation of the Ṣiffīn story in Arabic historical writing therefore changed over time as the sectarian split among Sunnīs and Shīʿites became increasingly defined. Reprenant les mots de Cl. Il est l'auteur de plusieurs articles portant sur l'histoire et l'historiographie des premiers siècles de l'islam et a co-édité, avec Paul M. Most notably, many members of this community were descendants of clients mawālī of the Umayyad family, with ties to neighboring regions of the Near East, especially Egypt and the Hijāz. This project notably aims to shed a new light on the thorny question of lost sources in early Islamic historiography and on the various forms of historical writing that flourished in Muslim contexts.
This article evaluates the relevant literary, historical and material evidence, including some surviving sealings, and proposes that at origin, neck-sealing related to other stigmatizing practices, and was principally symbolic and punitive. Donner, Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 2016. También se muestra que el material citado puede haber sido profundamente transformado. Borrut, Entre mémoire et pouvoir, p. Il a aussi dirigé plusieurs ouvrages collectifs, dont Umayyad Legacies : Medieval Memo- ries from Syria to Spain avec P. Des texts arabes et syriques, particulièrement originaires de la Syrie et de l'Iraq des septième et huitième siècles, décrivent l'usage des sceaux en pendentif pour l'application de la capitation qui était imposée aux non-musulmans. The most serious attempt to establish a chronology has assigned them to the last years of this period.