The included list of references is preceded by a classification scheme that includes a list of citations for each classification. Legal frameworks, common understanding of challenges and threats, standardized rules of operation, improved exchange of information, increased capability to prevent biological attacks are procedures as an integral parts of strategies for combat weapon for mass destruction including bio weapon. National Book Award winner and renowned psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton reveals a world at risk from millennial cults intent on ending it all. Instead, early that same year, Aum murdered one of its enemies in a particularly obvious way, and the police began to close in. About this Item: Metropolitan Books, U.
Introduces a diagnostic model for assessing key elements responsible for creating and sustaining terror memes. The author was a National Book Award winner. Can a nation of civilized religions and civil religion produce political religions? Now Robert Jay Lifton offers a vivid and disturbing case in point in this chilling exploration of Aum Shinrikyo, the Japanese cult that released sarin nerve gas in the Tokyo subways. The massive culture shift that took place in the 1960s saw the »problem« of cults coupled with the emergent »brainwashing« theory. Robert Jay Lifton is well-known for his studies of the psychological processes of people involved in terrible events — from Nazi doctors to A-bomb survivors — and in this book he takes his studies further by looking at Aum ShinrikyÅ, its orientations, members and activities.
Sociology majors interested in crime and deviance are likely to take more than one of these sociology courses, and non-majors often take these courses as electives. Bold and compelling, Destroying the World to Save It charts the emergence of a new global threat of urgent concern to us all. National Book Award winner and renowned psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton reveals a world at risk from millennial cults intent on ending it all. How then should the United Kingdom react? The Ecstatic Science -- 6. The humiliation and traumatization of political opponents during periods of violent and non-violent conflict can create deadlocked situations with great potential for regression, and may serve to aggravate the conflict or escalate the level of violence. Der Terrorismus setzt sich durch drei grundlegende Eigenschaften von anderen Formen der gewaltsamen sozialen Interaktion ab, die es uns zusammengenommen ermöglichen, ihn von diesen zu unterscheiden.
This article argues that current biodefence efforts are counterproductive and more persuasive than dissuasive, because they rest on a biological threat narrative that emphasizes the benefits of bioweapons rather than their problematic development and use, and they fail to impose a high cost of entry in the bioweapons field. Transformative radicalization explains how triggering factors lead to critical reflection of meaning perspectives and personal belief systems that guide and alter behavior. Book is in Used-Good condition. With unprecedented access to former Aum members, Lifton has produced a pathbreaking study of the inner life of a modern millennial cult. Aum Shinrikyo was the Japanese millennial cult that released sarin nerve gas in the Tokyo subways. Taking stock as well of Charles Manson, Heaven's Gate, and the Oklahoma City bombers, Lifton confronts the frightening possibility of a twenty-first century in which cults and terrorists may be able to bring about their own holocausts. Finally, the discussion is located in the context of emerging trends in business and leadership practice, and considers the extent to which what happened at Enron is suggestive of a growing business phenomenon.
The author proposes that the global-local dimensions of learning bloody revenge require that we understand the following: 1 the role that culture and psychology play in learning bloody revenge; 2 the ways in which the socialisation context created by terror makes making up so hard to do; and 3 the persistent and global link between all forms of violence and prevailing conceptions of masculinity. He shows how Aum's guru Shoko Asahara charismatic spiritual leader, con man, madman created a religion from a global stew of New Age thinking, ancient rituals, and apocalyptic science fiction, then recruited scientists as disciples and set them to producing weapons of mass destruction. The latter, we are told, are guilty of brainwashing, and laws should be passed or existing laws amended in order to protect society against them. As he notes, these attempts are intensified by the potential availability of weapons of destruction in the modern world. This paper elaborates some of the critical dimensions for understanding the emergence and maintenance of conflict-based solidarities worldwide and their implications for child and youth socialisation for violence and aggression.
Pages and cover are clean and intact. Their introduction of smallpox -- mainly by accident but also by use of deliberately infected blankets -- helped wipe out much of the native population in the New World. In this approach this article will show that despite the efforts of both Sekigun and Aum Shinrikyo to create the antithesis to everything they rejected within Japanese society they each paradoxically reproduced and magnified within their own social organisations the least desirable societal traits of elitism, exclusivity and conformity using the most extreme disciplinary measures to do so. Recommendations are made for further research, integrating insights from the two fields of study. Specifically, what does a terrorist leader do that no one else can do or do as well for the organization? Apocalyptic religion has had a very real influence throughout history, especially in the United States. Now Robert Jay Lifton offers a vivid and disturbing case in point in this chilling exploration of Aum Shinrikyo, the Japanese cult that released sarin nerve gas in the Tokyo subways. This trauma is inherited and bequeathed intergenerationally.
Most significantly, I am skeptical of the idea that Asahara has carried us across some Rubicon, changing the world in a fundamental way. On March 5, 1995, members of Aum, at the direction of. According to Japanese officials and prosecutors, the cult of Aum Shinrikyo was preparing to make tons of sarin nerve gas and release it in major Japanese cities and possibly American ones as well. His substitute was rushed, and turned out low-grade sarin, so when Aum followers released the impure gas in the Tokyo subway system on March 20, 1995, it killed only 11 people and injured only a few thousand. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Lifton, in fact, quotes mostly mainline scholars of new religious movements: there is just one endnote reference to Margaret Singer in the whole book. Millenary cults have been around for millenniums, and it seems unlikely that any new guru will prove as deadly as the man in mid-19th-century China who proclaimed himself the younger brother of Jesus and led the Taiping rebellion.
My guess is that if sarin or similar weapons are used to kill vast numbers of people any time soon, the source will probably be not a cult but North Korea, which Western intelligence experts believe has countless tons of pure sarin and whose artillery can easily reach Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Special attention is given to allegations of: 1 violence derived from group teachings and practices, with a focus on major recent tragic events involving religious groups; and 2 violence directed against members and groups by others, including private individuals and organization, as well as governmental entities. This reflects Lifton's own expertise, for he had earlier studied Nazi doctors as well as other cultlike phenomena. And Asahara is remembered as only a modest mass murderer, far short of the Hitlerian scale to which he aspired. Resumo Este artigo trata da Teoria do Mercado Religioso. Taking stock as well of Charles Manson, Heaven's Gate, and the Oklahoma City bombers, Lifton confronts the frightening possibility of a twenty-first century in which cults and terrorists may be able to bring about their own holocausts. The cult's leader, Shoko Asahara, allegedly ordered his aides to release sarin in the Tokyo subway system to distract the authorities, but at the time Aum's best chemist was busy with religious rituals.