Concepts of Abnormality Throughout History - David Dozois, University of Western Ontario, Daniel Machado, University of Western Ontario Chapter 2. The cases detail the history of patients who are dealing with mental health issues covered in the chapters. It was practiced all over the world from ancient times through the eighteenth century, for various purposes from the magical to the medical. All the hospitals accepted the pseudopatients for treatment. The horror of this image propelled her into a state of profound psychological turmoil, as she looked for ways to cope with the loss of the most important people in her life.
Abnormal Psychology: Perspectives exemplifies its subtitle by cohesively presenting the numerous individual perspectives of its expert contributors. The Greeks sought advice from oracles believed to be in contact with the gods. Following this examination, we underscore how these measures may be used in clinical practice. Colloquialisms relating to emotional illness abound in our language. Disadvantages: It can be emotionally draining for the individual to be run through a cycle of onagain, off-again treatments. Witnessing the death of her beloved sons and husband provoked such havoc in her mind that Rebecca lost touch with reality. Demonstrations and Classroom Exercises, Videos, and Films Includes various demonstrations and exercises to be used in class as well as a list of videos related to chapter content.
When Pinel left La Bicêtre 2 years later, Pussin stayed behind. Disturbance commonly arises as a result of troubling life experiences. As the hospital became more crowded and its occupants increasingly unruly, the hospital workers resorted to chains and other punishments to keep the inhabitants under control. In 1784, the French government invited Benjamin Franklin to head a commission to investigate animal magnetism. An important component of this approach is the notion that people can recover without professional intervention.
Some behavior that is regarded as odd within a given culture, society, or subgroup may be quite common elsewhere. As you imagine yourself going to visit him, you will probably not think twice about how you will respond to him. Professors Halgin and Whitbourne are Fellows of the American Psychological Association. Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions - Kenneth M. Hall, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Frances Haemmerlie, University of Missouri at Rolla Angela J.
Perhaps you have already been touched by the distressing effects of psychological disorders. Chapter 19 Mental Disorder and the Law , for example, covers the topic most requested by Canadian instructors tired of having to supplement texts that discuss only the American situation. Other marker studies involve genetic mapping, a process researchers currently use in studying a variety of diseases thought to have a hereditary basis. For example, depression is a variable. Expelled from Vienna for what were regarded as false claims of cure, Mesmer traveled to Paris, where the same misfortune befell him.
We also discuss intervention in terms of the relative contributions offered by each perspective. Rash, Memorial University of Newfoundland Chapter 8. We begin with a review of the principal features, test development, psychometric characteristics, research status, and applicability of each of these instruments. Prevention and Mental Health Promotion in the Community - Isaac Prilleltensky, University of Miami; Julian Hasford, Ryerson University Chapter 19. He spoke out for changes that were considered radical at the time, such as placing psychologically disturbed patients in separate wards, giving them occupational therapy, and prohibiting visits from curiosity seekers who frequented the hospital for entertainment.
It was too much to comprehend. Advantages: The experimenter can determine what other psychological qualities characterize depressed people. C mentally ill patients can benefit from spiritual enlightenment. Throughout the twentieth century, there emerged alternative models of abnormal behavior based on various experimental approaches. Watson became best known in this country for the advice he gave to parents on childrearing.
C imbalances in bodily fluids. Special kinds of vulnerability, such as genetic vulnerability, increase the likelihood of developing given disorders. This discovery eventually led Freud to develop psychoanalysis, a theory and system of practice that relied heavily on the concepts of the unconscious mind, inhibited sexual impulses, and early development, as well as the use of free association and dream analysis. For example, some people from Mediterranean cultures believe in a phenomenon called mal de ojo, or evil eye, in which, they contend, the ill will of other people can affect them in profound ways. Therapies - John Hunsley, University of Ottawa and Catherine M.
Advantages: By comparing the person receiving the treatment with himself or herself rather than with other individuals, differences between people in their life histories or current circumstances can be ruled out. One reason might be that people often joke about issues that make them anxious. Our hope is that, as students take this course and long after they have moved on to their respective careers, they will have learned to approach the study of abnormal psychology with the dispassionate eye of a scientist and the compassionate heart of a practitioner. Ancient Greece and Rome: The Emergence of the Scientific Model Even though their theories now may seem strange, early Greek philosophers established the foundation for a systematic approach to psychological disorders. Martin, University of Western Ontario; Nadia Maiolino, Ph. If you're interested in creating a cost-saving package for your students, see the. Somatoform Disorders, Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions, and Dissociative Disorders We have refined and revised our discussion of each of the disorders presented in this chapter while focusing particularly on dissociative identity disorder, including a discussion of the controversy regarding hypnotherapy as a treatment method.